Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery

Approximate Cost : $20,000 Duration : 7-14 Days

Cardiac surgeons now use most advanced minimally invasive heart valve replacement or repair surgery techniques for eligible patients. The heart has four valves that control the flow of blood through the heart:

  • Mitral Valve
  • Aortic Valve
  • Tricuspid Valve
  • Pulmonary Valve
What is Heart Valve Repair or Replacement Surgery?

Heart valve specialists and surgeons agree that whenever doable a heart valve ought to be repaired instead of replaced. Heart valve repair leaves you with a unremarkably functioning tissue, that resists infection a lot of effectively, and you do not have to be compelled to take blood-thinning medications when the surgery. If you have got delicate to moderate heart valve illness, your sawbones usually performs heart valve repair.

Available Procedures

Annuloplasty : In this procedure, your doc tightens the ring of tissue round the valve to assist the valve flaps (leaflets) close. generally your doc can implant a hoop wherever the leaflets meet to form the valve gap smaller therefore the leaflets will close.

Repair of Structural Support : In this procedure, your Dr. replaces or shortens the cords that support the valves (chordae tendinae and appendage muscles) to repair the structural support. once the cords and muscles square measure the proper length, the valve leaflet edges meet and eliminate the leak.

Valve Leaflet Repair : In valve leaflet repair, your operating surgeon surgically separates, cuts or pleats a valve flap (leaflet) to repair a floppy or prolapsed valve leaflet.

Non-Surgical Valve Repair : Cardiac Valve Replacement SurgeryPercutaneous or catheter-based procedures square measure kept away from any incisions within the chest or stopping the center. a skinny versatile tube known as a tubing is inserted into a vessel within the groin or the arm so rib up into the inside of the center.

Percutaneous or balloon valvuloplasty : is used in people with stiffened or narrowed (stenosed) pulmonary, mitral or aortic valves (more commonly for the mitral than the aortic valve). A balloon tip on the end of the catheter is positioned in the narrowed valve and inflated to enlarge the opening or to crack open calcified tissue.

Heart Valve Replacement Surgery : Heart Valve Replacement SurgeryIf your heart valve cannot be repaired, your doc can take away your broken valve and replace it with a man-made (prosthetic) valve you'll want heart valve replacement if you've got valve narrowing (stenosis) or severely broken valves plagued by atomic number 20 buildup within the valves (calcification) or rheumatic malady. Surgeons perform procedures typically to exchange mitral or aortal valves, however your doc will replace any heartvalve.

Heart valve replacements include:

Mechanical Valve : It is made exclusively of mechanical components that square measure tolerated well by the body. The bi-leaflet valve is employed most frequently. It consists of 2 carbon leaflets in a very ring coated with polyester knit material.

Biological Valve : Tissue valves (also known as life or bioprosthetic valves) square measure product of human or tissue. tissue heart valves might return from pig tissue (porcine) or cow tissue (bovine). Tissue valves might have some artificial components to assist offer the valve support and to assist placement.

Homograft Valve (also called allograft) : It is associate artery or pulmonic human valve that has been faraway from a given human heart, preserved, and frozen beneath sterile conditions. A transplant is also wont to replace a unhealthy artery or semilunar valve.

Minimal incision valve surgery does not require a large incision or cutting through the entire breastbone. The surgeon gains access to the heart through one to three smaller, less visible incisions (sometimes called “ports”) that can be made between the ribs or a smaller breastbone incision, as well as one small incision in the groin. The diseased valve can be repaired or replaced through one or more of the ports between the ribs, with the surgeon looking at the heart directly through a small tube-shaped camera.

Advantages of Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery
  • A lower mortality at the time of operation (1-2% for repair versus 6-8% for replacement).
  • A significantly lower risk of stroke, and a lower rate of infection.
  • Improved long-term survival with mitral valve repair.
After valve repair surgery blood thinners are not required, in contrast to the life-long requirement for blood thinners after heart valve replacement surgery.